This course is specifically written for the GCE Law (AQA) 2160.

Challenges in Learning Law

Law can be a challenging subject, it has its own terminology which has to be learned and new terminology is explained in a clear and logical manner throughout the course with appropriate references to the text book.

Also, learning case law can be challenging. Case law consists of cases previously decided in courts of Law. It is important that the facts of these cases are learned as they will have to be known for examinations. The course makes suggestions for learning these and explains cases in a straightforward way. It is better to learn these as the course progresses.

Course Plan

The course is divided into four units. Each unit of the Course corresponds exactly to the requirements of the new syllabus. To ensure all required topics are covered each unit is divided into topic areas.

In each topic area there are some activities, some web based research, self assessment questions and tutor marked assignments. These are assignments you prepare and submit to your tutor for marking. There are ten assignments (10) in all for AS (Assignments A–J), and twelve assignments in all for A2 (Assignments 1-12).

Each topic area will state the aims to be achieved and what you can expect to know at the end of the topic

For A2 the syllabus specification further develops knowledge of the English Legal system and of substantive law through both criminal and civil law.

For unit 3 there is a choice of Criminal Law or Contract Law. Although in the examination you are you only required to cover one area - either criminal law or contract - you might like to study both areas and then decide which to specialise in. Alternatively, if you are fast tracking you may wish to cover one area.

The plans for the units are as follows:

Section A
1. Introduction to law – considers what Law is, different types of law and how to study law
2. Parliamentary law making – looking at Acts of Parliament
3. Delegated legislation
4. Statutory interpretation – the wording of Acts of Parliament
5. Judicial precedent – considering how judges make law in Courts

Section B
6. The Civil Courts and other forms of dispute Resolution – how an action is brought in County Court
7. Criminal Courts and Lay people – looking at Magistrates and Juries
8. Legal profession and other sources f advice and funding. The Judiciary – considering training of solicitors, barristers and judges.

Section A
1. Criminal Liability – Actus Reus, mens rea and intention – what constitutes a crime?
2. Common Assault, Assault and battery, Offences against the person and strict liability
3. The Criminal Courts: – Magistrates Court and Crown Court, types of offences
4. Trial procedure, bail, the plea. Outline of evidence, burden of proof
5. Sentencing aims – what is the purpose of sanctions and imprisonment in criminal matters?

Section B
6. Introduction to Tort –negligence, duty of care, breach of duty and damages
7. The Civil Courts, trial procedure. The three track procedures, Alternative Dispute resolution, evidential issues

Section C
8. An introduction to Law of contract – formation and breach of Contract – looking at contracts which are made every day.

Section A: Criminal Law
1. Murder - the mens rea and actus reus – mental intent and physical act of committing the crime
2. Voluntary Manslaughter, Involuntary manslaughter looking at these crimes
3. Non-fatal offences against the person
4. Defences for all the above offences.
5. Evaluation of offences

Section B: Contract Law
6. Formation of a valid contract, offer, acceptance consideration
7. Contract Terms - the difference between warranties and conditions
8. Vitiating Factors – and misrepresentation
9. Other matters affecting enforceability of contract.
10. Introduction to consumer law
11. Discharge of contract – how a contract comes to an end.
12. Remedies - if there is a breach of contract, what compensation can be obtained. Evaluation of contracts

Section A: Criminal Law – offences against property
1. Theft and robbery, looking at the Theft Act 1968 and subsequent legislation
2. Burglary, Blackmail – looking at the elements of these crimes.
3. Fraud
4. Making off without payment – evasion of paying a restaurant bill, or taxi fare!
5. Criminal damage- damage caused to someone else’s property.
6. Defences – when these can be pleaded – looking at cases.

Section B: Law of Tort
7. Negligence, duty of care, breach of duty and damages
8. Occupiers liability – every property owner has a duty to keep premises safe
9. Nuisance and escape of dangerous things – the case of Rylands v Fletcher
10. Vicarious liability – the liability of an employer for actions committed by an employee.
11. Defences to torts- contributory negligence
12. Remedies in the Courts – how damages are assessed

Section C: Concepts of Law
13. Law and Morals - Is there an overlap?
14. Law and Justice
15. Judicial Creativity – can judges choose which court precedents to follow
16. Fault –criminal and civil liability
17. Balancing conflicting interests.

For details on the course contents, examinations, recommended textbooks and more, please view this Law A Level Syllabus. For further details on the syllabus please visit the AQA website at and click on new GCE’s and law. On the site there are specimen papers, student guide and resources.

Study Hours

Approximately 300 hours.