Syllabus

Introduction


Objectives

 

Section 1: Motivation Theories


Content and process theories: the distinction


Content theories: nature of human needs


The work of Taylor


Motivational implications of Taylorism


Motivation theory and the Hawthorne experiments


Management implications of the Hawthorne studies


Section 2: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


Problems with Maslow's theory


Motivational implications of Maslow's theory


Alderfer's ERG theory

 

Section 3: Herzberg and Motivation


The work of Herzberg


Criticisms of the two-factor approach


Implications of Herzberg's theory of motivation

 

Section 4: Process Theories of Motivation


Process theories


Expectancy theory


Hackman and Oldham model of job enrichment


Equity theory

 

Summary

 

Tutor-marked Question Paper